Birth defects are a leading cause of infant mortality in the United States, accounting for more than 20% of all infant deaths. Many birth defects can be prevented if parents are aware of the risks and take precautions. In this article, we will discuss three ways to prevent birth defects.
1. Avoid alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy. Alcohol and tobacco use are major risk factors for birth defects. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome, which is a leading cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities. Smoking tobacco during pregnancy increases the risk of birth defects, stillbirth, and infant death.
2. Get early and regular prenatal care. Prenatal care is important for the health of both the mother and the baby. Getting early and regular prenatal care can help identify risks for birth defects and manage them.
3. Eat a healthy diet and take folic acid supplements. Eating a healthy diet and taking folic acid supplements before and during pregnancy can help prevent brain and spine birth defects.
There are many things that expectant parents can do to help prevent birth defects. These include quit smoking, get early and regular prenatal care, and eat a healthy diet. Taking folic acid supplements is also important for preventing brain and spine birth defects. By taking these steps, parents can help give their child the best start in life.